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What is the opposite of “horizontalism”?

What is the antonym of “horizontalism”?

The antonyms of horizontalism are hierarchy and authoritarianism. The antonyms hierarchy and authoritarianism convey a vertical power structure where one person or group has more authority than others. It implies a lack of equality, democracy, and freedom.

Brief Definitions of the Antonym(s)

Learn when and how to use these words with these examples!


A system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority.


The military is an example of a hierarchy where orders flow from top to bottom.


A form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.


North Korea is an example of a country with authoritarianism where the government controls all aspects of citizens' lives.

How are these antonyms different from each other?

  • 1Hierarchy is a system where people or groups are ranked according to status or authority.
  • 2Authoritarianism is a form of government where power is centralized and political freedoms are limited.

Good things to know

  • 1Political Science: Use these antonyms to describe different forms of government and power structures.
  • 2Social Justice: Incorporate these antonyms in discussions about equality, democracy, and freedom.
  • 3Business Management: Utilize these antonyms to describe different organizational structures and leadership styles.

Remember this!

The antonyms have distinct nuances: Hierarchy conveys a ranking system based on status or authority, while authoritarianism refers to a centralized power structure with limited political freedoms. Use these words to discuss different forms of government, power structures, and organizational structures in various contexts.

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