fundamentalism Definition

  • 1a religious movement characterized by a strict belief in the literal interpretation of religious texts, especially within American Protestantism and Islam
  • 2a strict adherence to the basic principles of any subject or discipline

Using fundamentalism: Examples

Take a moment to familiarize yourself with how "fundamentalism" can be used in various situations through the following examples!

  • Example

    Islamic fundamentalism has been on the rise in recent years.

  • Example

    The church split over issues of fundamentalism versus modernism.

  • Example

    His fundamentalism in economics led him to reject any government intervention in the market.

fundamentalism Synonyms and Antonyms

Synonyms for fundamentalism

Antonyms for fundamentalism

Phrases with fundamentalism

  • a movement within American Protestantism that emphasizes the literal interpretation of the Bible and the importance of personal salvation


    Many Christian fundamentalists believe in a literal interpretation of the creation story in Genesis.

  • the belief in the unrestricted free market as the best way to allocate resources and create wealth


    Market fundamentalism has been criticized for leading to economic inequality and instability.

  • the belief that science is the only valid way of understanding the world and that all other ways of knowing are invalid


    Scientific fundamentalism can lead to a rejection of spiritual or religious beliefs.

Origins of fundamentalism

from 'fundamental', meaning 'basic or essential'


Summary: fundamentalism in Brief

Fundamentalism [ˌfʌndəˈmɛntəlɪzəm] refers to a strict adherence to the basic principles of a religion, subject, or discipline. It can be seen in movements like Islamic fundamentalism and Christian fundamentalism, which emphasize literal interpretations of religious texts. 'Fundamentalism' can also refer to a belief in the unrestricted free market or the primacy of science. The term can have negative connotations, implying rigidity or extremism.