immunity Definition

  • 1the ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or toxin by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells
  • 2protection or exemption from something, especially an obligation or penalty

Using immunity: Examples

Take a moment to familiarize yourself with how "immunity" can be used in various situations through the following examples!

  • Example

    The vaccine provides immunity against the disease.

  • Example

    He claimed diplomatic immunity and was released.

  • Example

    The company enjoyed immunity from prosecution due to its cooperation with the authorities.

immunity Synonyms and Antonyms

Phrases with immunity

  • immunity that is naturally present in an organism, either through inherited genetic factors or acquired through exposure to pathogens


    Some people have natural immunity to certain diseases.

  • immunity that is gained by an organism after exposure to a pathogen or through vaccination


    After getting vaccinated, she developed acquired immunity to the virus.

  • a form of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a large percentage of a population becomes immune to the disease, reducing the likelihood of an outbreak


    Herd immunity can be achieved through vaccination or through natural infection.

Origins of immunity

from Latin 'immunitas', meaning exemption from public service


Summary: immunity in Brief

The term 'immunity' [ɪˈmjuːnɪti] refers to the ability of an organism to resist infection or toxin, or protection from an obligation or penalty. It can be natural or acquired, as in 'The vaccine provides immunity against the disease.' 'Immunity' can also refer to exemption from prosecution or other obligations, as in 'He claimed diplomatic immunity and was released.'

How do native speakers use this expression?