recession Definition

  • 1a period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.
  • 2a period when the economy of a country is not successful and conditions for business are bad

Using recession: Examples

Take a moment to familiarize yourself with how "recession" can be used in various situations through the following examples!

  • Example

    The country is in a deep recession.

  • Example

    The government is taking measures to prevent a recession.

  • Example

    The recession has hit the manufacturing sector particularly hard.

recession Synonyms and Antonyms

Synonyms for recession

Antonyms for recession

Phrases with recession

  • a worldwide economic downturn


    The global recession of 2008 had a significant impact on many countries.

  • double-dip recession

    a recession in which there is a short-lived recovery followed by another period of decline


    The double-dip recession of the early 1980s was a difficult time for many businesses.

  • recession-proof

    refers to an industry or business that is not affected by economic downturns


    The healthcare industry is often considered recession-proof because people still need medical care even during tough economic times.

Origins of recession

from Latin 'recessus', meaning 'withdrawal'


Summary: recession in Brief

A 'recession' [rɪˈseʃn] is a temporary economic decline characterized by reduced trade and industrial activity. It is typically identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters. The term can also refer to a period of poor business conditions. Examples include 'The country is in a deep recession.' and 'The recession has hit the manufacturing sector particularly hard.' Phrases like 'global recession' and 'double-dip recession' describe specific types of recessions.

How do native speakers use this expression?