equilibrium Definition

  • 1a state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced.
  • 2a calm state of mind and a sense of balance and stability.

Using equilibrium: Examples

Take a moment to familiarize yourself with how "equilibrium" can be used in various situations through the following examples!

  • Example

    The market is in a state of equilibrium.

  • Example

    The body maintains its equilibrium through various mechanisms.

  • Example

    The therapist helped her regain her emotional equilibrium.

  • Example

    The ecosystem is in a delicate equilibrium that can be easily disrupted.

equilibrium Synonyms and Antonyms

Synonyms for equilibrium

Antonyms for equilibrium

Phrases with equilibrium

  • a state of balance in which there is no motion or acceleration


    The book is resting on the table in static equilibrium.

  • a state of balance in which there is motion or acceleration but no net change


    The water in the container is in dynamic equilibrium with the air above it.

  • a state of balance in which the rate of forward and reverse reactions are equal


    The reaction reached chemical equilibrium when the concentrations of reactants and products became constant.

Origins of equilibrium

from Latin 'aequilibrium', from 'aequus' meaning 'equal' and 'libra' meaning 'weight'


Summary: equilibrium in Brief

The term 'equilibrium' [ˌiːkwɪˈlɪbriəm] refers to a state of balance between opposing forces or influences. It can refer to physical, emotional, or ecological balance, as in 'The body maintains its equilibrium through various mechanisms.' 'Equilibrium' has specific types like 'static equilibrium,' where there is no motion, and 'dynamic equilibrium,' where there is motion but no net change. The term is often used in scientific contexts.