melancholy Definition

  • 1a feeling of sadness, typically with no obvious cause
  • 2a pensive mood or state of mind

Using melancholy: Examples

Take a moment to familiarize yourself with how "melancholy" can be used in various situations through the following examples!

  • Example

    She was filled with melancholy after her dog died.

  • Example

    The painting evokes a sense of melancholy.

  • Example

    He couldn't shake off the melancholy that had settled over him.

  • Example

    The book is a study of melancholy and its effects on the human psyche.

melancholy Synonyms and Antonyms

Antonyms for melancholy

Idioms Using melancholy

  • a feeling of sadness or nostalgia associated with the end of summer and the arrival of fall


    As the leaves began to fall, she felt the melancholy of autumn set in.

  • feeling sad and depressed


    After her breakup, she was feeling melancholy and blue.

  • extremely sad or depressed


    After losing his job, he was as melancholy as a dog.

Phrases with melancholy

  • a state of mind characterized by sadness and gloominess


    He was in a melancholy mood all day.

  • music that evokes a feeling of sadness or nostalgia


    The melancholy music made her feel even sadder.

  • a person who is often sad or depressed


    He was known as a melancholy soul who rarely smiled.

Origins of melancholy

from Greek 'melankholia', meaning 'sadness'


Summary: melancholy in Brief

Melancholy [ˈmɛlənkəli] is a feeling of sadness or pensive mood without an obvious cause. It is often associated with gloom and despondency, as in 'She was filled with melancholy after her dog died.' The term extends into phrases like 'melancholy music' and idioms like 'melancholy as a dog,' denoting extreme sadness.

How do native speakers use this expression?