shock Definition

  • 1a sudden upsetting or surprising event or experience
  • 2a violent shaking movement caused by an impact, explosion, or tremor
  • 3a physical condition marked by a rapid and considerable drop in blood pressure, caused by severe injury, illness, or blood loss

Using shock: Examples

Take a moment to familiarize yourself with how "shock" can be used in various situations through the following examples!

  • Example

    The news of his death came as a shock to everyone.

  • Example

    The earthquake caused a shock that could be felt for miles.

  • Example

    He went into shock after losing a lot of blood.

  • Example

    The team's defeat was a shock to their fans.

  • Example

    The electric shock from the faulty wire knocked him unconscious.

shock Synonyms and Antonyms

Antonyms for shock

Idioms Using shock

  • in a state of disbelief or confusion due to a sudden or unexpected event


    She was in shock after hearing the news of her friend's death.

  • shock tactics

    the use of shocking or provocative images or language to attract attention or raise awareness of an issue


    The ad campaign used shock tactics to draw attention to the dangers of smoking.

  • used to express mock surprise or indignation at something that is not actually surprising or shocking


    Oh no, he ate a whole pizza by himself! Shock horror!

Phrases with shock

  • the feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes


    Moving to a new country can be a real culture shock.

  • an acute nervous condition caused by prolonged exposure to active warfare, especially being under bombardment


    Many soldiers suffered from shell shock during World War I.

  • a device or mechanism for absorbing sudden and severe shocks or impacts, typically in a vehicle or machine


    The car's shock absorbers were worn out and needed to be replaced.

Origins of shock

from Middle Low German 'schokken', meaning 'to shake'


Summary: shock in Brief

The term 'shock' [ʃɒk] refers to sudden and often upsetting events, such as 'The news of his death came as a shock to everyone.' It can also refer to physical experiences, like 'The electric shock from the faulty wire knocked him unconscious.' Phrases include 'culture shock,' describing disorientation in a new culture, and 'shock absorber,' a mechanism for absorbing sudden impacts. Idioms include 'in shock,' indicating disbelief or confusion, and 'shock tactics,' using provocative images or language to raise awareness.

How do native speakers use this expression?